Posted by wilfrid duval on 12/11/2012
Smallest State in the world (526 square yards, 0,44 km2), Vatican is a landlocked territory within the roman capital.
On Pope’s initiative, a jubilee takes place every 25 years. Communion, confession, almsgiving and pilgrimage to Rome are ways for Catholics to receive a Pardon from Church.
During the Holy Year (year of Jubilee), several million pilgrims and tourists visit the city. In 2000, 26 million of them went to Rome.
Religious tourism is an essential financial incoming for Rome and the State of Vatican.
When Pope Jean-Paul II announced, in 1994, the Jubilee event, territorial authorities (State of Vatican, italian State, Rome Metropolis and Latium region) worked together in order to give to those million of visitors the best welcome ever.
As the Olympic Games for a host city, Jubilee is a great opportunity to raise huge funds and activate essential projects.
Jubilee 2000 was the right time to equip the capital city with modern infrastructures to make it catch up with the most attractive european metropolis.
Great efforts were made to improve mobility, services and housing during the event. Road network was thought back. Long term jobs were created and inhabitants benefited from the modernization impetus of the city.
Several institutional offices were formed in order to drive the city-planning.
Given the pilgrimage preparation was under the Holy See responsability, the Pope asked for a Central Committee for Jubilee.
Rome metropolis had to define and set up infrastructures and services required for the Holy Year. As a matter of fact, the Agency for the Jubilee was created, working with public founds.
In order to establish an actions plan for housing, transport, welcoming facilities and the areas to plan, the agency referred to the general city-plan of Rome (« Certainties plan » acted in 1997).
All its suggestions were submited to the « Giunte » made of Chamber of Deputies and Senate members.
That State institution, playing two roles consultant and decision maker, approved or not projects. That organization went into troubles because of administrative slowness hindering founds allocation needed for projects in process. Consequently, some of them were cancelled.
Jubilee 2000 wasnot a success in terms of urban development. It was supposed to make Rome a modern metropolis able to face up 3rd millenium issues. However, roman heritage lobbyings forced local authorities to slow down with urban changes.